Apr 10 2012

Fusion Energy: Sun Vs Earth Environments

J. De Herrera @ 5:44 pm

Hot Fusion scientists mention the ‘Coulomb barrier*’ as an argument against the possibility of cold fusion at room temperature. We hear so much about the environments of the Sun and Stars and how the extreme temperatures and pressures there are necessary for the fusion of atomic particles to occur. The assumption is that there cannot be any fusion of elements here on Earth, without the million degrees temperature and extreme pressures found on the Sun.

What is missing in this analysis, is the fact that mankind has learned to manipulate the environments and processes here on earth. The Metallurgist, for example: when nature does not supply a low melting temperature metal, he develops a ‘Eutectic’ alloy that has the properties he needs. Metallurgy is the scientific study of metals and alloys and related processes. They have developed many processes they use to create alloys for modern industry.

Chemists don’t try to replicate the environments on the Sun when they set out to develop new materials. They have developed methodologies like ‘electrolysis’ (using direct current) to drive an otherwise non-spontaneous chemical reaction. The first successes with so-called ‘cold fusion’ were the electrochemists. CANR, the acronym for ‘chemically assisted nuclear reaction, is used in place of cold fusion. LENR for Low Energy Nuclear Reaction is also common for cold fusion. Until the exact process that is occurring within the LENR/CANR/Cold Fusion reactors is known, these temporary terms allow you to identify what subject you are talking about, see: http://lenr-canr.org/.

There were many physicists who took interest, like good scientists do, in the reported ‘cold fusion’ by Pons and Fleischmann in 1989 at the University of Utah. The ‘chemists’ announced the discovery of room temperature fusion and several chemists have led the research into so-called cold fusion. Hot Fusion Physicists were shocked to learn that “chemists” were involved with nuclear reactions and claiming success with cold fusion. This was supposed to be their territory and this was a threat to the hot-fusion industry jobs. So the reactions from the physicists to the announcement of cold fusion was swift and lethal to the careers of Pons and Fleischmann, see: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/6.11/coldfusion.html

Several physicists, ‘real open minded scientists’ dared to get involved with cold fusion experiments and succeeded in replicating the P&F heat productions. Francesco Piantelli, Sergio Focardi and others were successful with using Nickel and Hydrogen in their reactors. Then Andrea Rossi added a catalyst and increased the Ni+H reaction output of heat from his Energy Catalizer or E-Cat. Presently, the theory has not caught up with the experimental results. The Rossi E-Cat is now ready for commercial production and could be used for many home and industrial applications.

In summary, it is no surprise that Hot Fusion Physicists focus on the extreme environments of the Sun and Stars and think this is the only way to achieve fusion. Meanwhile, the Chemists and Metallurgists ignore the processes of the Sun and Stars and find ways to developing new materials. This may be an over-simplification of the complex interactions of these scientists but does make it easier to understand the 20+ years of quarreling about the reality or non-reality of cold fusion. Let us be patient with the development of cold fusion and perhaps we will see some reactors for sale this year.

* The Coulomb Barrier is the resistance to nuclear fusion by the ‘electric repulsion’ of Protons with positive charge. In order for the particles to get close enough for the attraction of the nuclear strong force to ‘fuse’ them, they must overcome this Coulomb Barrier.

9 Responses to “Fusion Energy: Sun Vs Earth Environments”

  1. dima says:

    Nice, but will we ever see cold-fusion generators, and other alternatives on free market? Or will it just repeat the Pons and Fleischmann fate?

  2. John De Herrera says:

    I sure hope we will never again witness honest, good scientists get verbally assaulted and hounded from their offices. It was a travesty of justice and some like MIT used fraudulent tactics to discredit them. Even the Skeptics joined in to discredit Pons and Fleischmann.

    At this time, all we can do is wait for Dr. Rossi to get certifications of the small reactors and start production. Today he announced he is working with certification engineers. The E-Cats will be carefully tested and if they pass, they will be UL certified safe. There must be no dangerous radiations or any other hazards associated with the application of the reactors. All functions, even the controller, must work properly and not present any hazards. Hopefully UL will not require any more changes and the E-Cats can be produced and sold this year. Jdh

  3. tyy says:

    Nice. So far, cold fusion is non-existent.

    But it is also so easy to prove otherwise: just demonstrate it. But of course, it will not really happen, except in forms of various scams.

    • John De Herrera says:

      tyy “Nice. So far, cold fusion is non-existent.”

      Technically, that is correct. The nuclear or chemical nature of the reaction has not been validated. Now that there are so many reactors operating and producing heat, we can expect an accumulation of “reaction products” to help identify the process occurring inside the reactors. We can continue using the term ‘fusion process”, until/unless the researchers determine it is a “chemical” process. jdh

  4. Rulev Igor says:

    Bis Anfang 2012 wird die Struktur des RPC allmählich nahm ihre funktional vollständigen Form, als eine Art von Einheit, geeignet für eine breite Anwendung in vielen Bereichen der Wirtschaft. Rossi erwies die Realität LENR-Energie im industriellen Maßstab zu erzeugen, und jetzt ist es Zeit, die intellektuellen, betrieblichen und finanziellen Ressourcen der Gesellschaft für die weite Verbreitung dieser Gelegenheit zu verbinden. Plötzlich aufgetaucht eine breite Front der Arbeiten in vier Handlungsfeldern: die akademische Wissenschaft, die experimentelle Physik, technische Anwendungen, kommerziell spekulative Richtung.
    Аddress of your site.


    To people who are curious what the catalyst of the Ni-H reaction could be.
    In LiH the hydrogen is present as negative hydrogen ion (H-). This is not restricted to Li but is a property
    given by any alkaline or alkaline earth metal, e.g. potassium or magnesium. There is a cold fusion
    Matsushita patent making use of it (see Example 3). A negative hydrogen ion may tunnel through the electron shell of nickel and form copper therewith. The energy set free comes from the free proton now no longer free in joining the nickel nucleus.

  6. Frank Znidarsic says:

    I wrote a book that explains how the Coulomb barrier is breached.

  7. sam green says:

    Chemists are so feeble, it makes me sick. They invent cold fusion, but all it takes is a few physicists to sneer at them, and no one believes them. Can’t they stand up for themselves and prove it?

  8. John De Herrera says:

    Alan DeAngelis on June 3, 2012 at 1:31 pm (e-cat world .com)
    “The Coulomb barrier doesn’t seem to be a problem for Rossi. The bureaucratic barrier is what he has to tunnel through (or bypass) now.”

    How perceptive and true. Never mind that “Coulomb barrier”. But, watch for all the “bureaucratic barriers” or obsticles that will be placed in front of his E-Cats to stop them from reaching the industrial and home markets. jdh