It all began with Thomas Edison and his 1882 Pearl Street Station – the world’s first commercial power plant. It was a combined heat and power plant, which produced electricity and heat for area buildings. His duel-purpose power plant achieved 50% efficiency.
In the 1990s, there were regulations to promote rural electrification by construction of centralized power plants, managed by regional utilities. These regulations discouraged local power generation (cogeneration). According to Sean Casten, Recycled Energy Development CEO, “The established regulations went as far as to make it illegal for non-utilities to sell power”. By 1978, Congress recognized that efficiency at central power plants had stagnated and established “Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA)” to encourage utilities to buy power from independent power producers.
Coal, diesel, gas, and nuclear power are currently being used to produce most of the energy used around the world. A large utility company that only produces electricity, wastes the unused heat. Cogeneration (CHP) is a combined heat and electrical power generation. The heat can be used to warm buildings or power the processes used in a factory. Heat can even be used in absorption chillers for cooling. A plant producing electricity, heat and cooling is called ‘Trigeneration’.
Cogeneration of power in Europe is encouraged by the CHP Directive and the European Union’s Cogeneration Directive 2004/08/EC. In Europe the three countries with the world’s most intensive cogeneration economies are Denmark, the Netherlands and Finland. Germany has set a target to double its electricity cogeneration from 12.5% of the country’s electricity to 25% of the country’s electricity by 2020. The UK’s goal is to achieve a 60% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. Other measures to encourage CHP growth are financial incentives, grants, and a greater regulatory framework of government leadership and partnership.
Cogeneration in the United States is promoted by the U.S. Department of Energy in an aggressive goal of having CHP comprise 20% of the US generation capacity by the year 2030. Eight Clean Energy Application Centers have been established across the nation to develop the required technology application and educational infrastructure. Cogeneration plants are currently producing about 8 percent of all energy in the United States.
Now there is an excellent opportunity for independent power generation (Cogeneration). The efficiency of Trigeneration is the path to take for electrical power, industrial and home heating and cooling. As the Rossi Energy Catalyzers becomes available, this is the best energy source to start your own business. The commercial application of E-Cats began in 2011 and will increase substantially in the coming years. It will be easy to evaluate the amount of energy produced and the efficiency of the E-Cat systems by observing commercial applications. If you provide energy that is cheap, safe and clean. you will be doing the world a great service.
E-Cat energy may be our gateway to a prosperous future!